Tuesday, September 2, 2008

New FDA Guidance - cGMP Practice for Phase 1 Investigational Drugs

There was lots of coverage on this recently released FDA guidance, "Guidance for Industry - CGMP for Phase 1 Investigational Drugs. " (PDF) I'm posting the link to this guidance so that it can be easily found and downloaded. Here's what the introduction in the guidance says . . .
  • This guidance is intended to assist in applying current good manufacturing practice (CGMP) required under section 501(a)(2)(B) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FD&C Act) in the manufacture of most investigational new drugs (IND) used in phase 1 clinical trials.2 These drugs, which include biological drugs, are exempt from complying with 21 CFR part 211 under 21 CFR 210.2(c) (referred to as phase 1 investigational drugs).

  • Because a phase 1 clinical trial initially introduces an investigational new drug into human subjects, appropriate CGMP help ensure subject safety. This guidance applies, as part of CGMP, quality control (QC) principles to the manufacture of phase 1 investigational drugs (i.e., interpreting and implementing CGMP consistent with good scientific methodology), which foster CGMP activities that are more appropriate for phase 1 clinical trials, improve the quality of phase 1 investigational drugs, and facilitate the initiation of investigational clinical trials in humans while continuing to protect trial subjects.

  • This guidance replaces the guidance issued in 1991 titled Preparation of Investigational New Drug Products (Human and Animal) (referred to as the 1991 guidance) (Ref. 1) for the manufacture of phase 1 investigational drugs described in this guidance (see section III). However, the 1991 guidance still applies to the manufacture of investigational new products (human and animal) used in phase 2 and phase 3 clinical trials.

  • The guidance finalizes the draft guidance entitled "INDs—Approaches to Complying with CGMP During Phase 1" dated January 2006; and is being issued concurrently with a final rule that specifies that 21 CFR part 211 no longer applies for most investigational products (see section III), including certain exploratory products (Ref. 2) that are manufactured for use in phase 1 clinical trials. The agency recommends using the approaches outlined in this guidance for complying with § 501(a)(2)(B) of the FD&C Act.

  • FDA's guidance documents, including this guidance, do not establish legally enforceable responsibilities. Instead, guidances describe the Agency's current thinking on a topic and should be viewed only as recommendations, unless specific regulatory or statutory requirements are cited. The use of the word should in Agency guidances means that something is suggested or recommended, but not required.

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